Musée Fragonard d’Alfort
7 avenue du Général de Gaulle, Maisons-Alfort (Paris)

A museum of anatomical oddities located within the École Nationale Vétérinaire de Maisons-Alfort, one of the world’s oldest veterinary schools. The museum, created in 1766 with the school, consists of three rooms containing a large collection of anatomical oddities and dissections, most of which date from the 19th and early 20th centuries. In addition to animal skeletons and dissections, such as a piglet displayed in cross-section, the museum contains a substantial collection of monstrosities (teratology) including Siamese twin lambs, a two-headed calf, a 10-legged sheep, and a colt with one huge eye.

The museum’s most astonishing items are the famous “écorchés” (flayed figures) prepared by Honoré Fragonard, the school’s first professor of anatomy, appointed in 1766 and in 1771 dismissed from the school as a madman. His speciality was the preparation and preservation of skinned cadavers, of which he prepared some 700 examples. Only 21 remain; all are on display in the museum’s final room.

click on the pictures to open the galleries:

The “flayed figures” (écorchés) by Fragonard

Skeletons and dissections

Abnormalities and deformities